The main driving force behind re-booting and re-vamping nuclear as a source of low-carbon energy is the Climate Change Act. This did not happen overnight; in fact, it took 20 years of talks and debates to reach a final agreement in Paris; in the end close to 200 countries signed. The main target of the deal is to reach near zero carbon emissions by 2050 (80% reduction), subsequently diminishing climate change and the dangerous effects of this modern phenomenon.
The methods used to achieve this 80% reduction are set by each country; putting the onus on governments to decide on their solutions for carbon emissions. Some have opted to invest heavily in new technologies that harvest natural resources such as; solar, wind, and tidal. Others have looked to the past and for methods that don’t rely on the sun shining or the wind blowing, this being nuclear.